Ostriches - Physical DescriptionOstriches are considered to be the largest living birds in the world. A mature male stands nearly 8 feet high, and weighs between 140 to 230 pounds. Due to its unique appearance, these terrestrial birds cannot be mistaken for another species. Males are black and white, while females may come in gray and brown colors.
The birds' huge body size and reduced wing size make them unable to fly. Ostriches have a long neck, long bare legs and two toes. They are capable of running up to 70 km per hour. The ostrich belongs to the group of Ratites, and is characterized by having no keel on the breastbone, vestigial wings, and strong legs with large-toed feet.
Ostriches - Distribution:Although the Ostrich is indigenous to Africa, it flourishes in countries all over the world. Ostriches are found in dry and sandy regions of central and southern Africa. Ostrich fossils have been found in North Africa, Europe and Asia.
Scientific Name: Struthio camelus
Ostriches - AdaptationsVery adaptable to extreme living conditions, Ostriches can control heat loss during cold weather by covering its thighs with its wings. During hot weather, Ostriches control their temperature by lifting and moving their wings. By doing this, they create a gentle breeze. The feathers of the bird serve as excellent insulators. Ostriches can tolerate the temperatures of 56°C.
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Most of the time an ostrich egg will hatch under lights in an aviary, but some aviaries still let the mother hatch her own young.